Surveying
Boundary Survey: A survey of the boundary of property according to the description in the recorded deed. Interior improvements such as: buildings, drives, etc., are not located. Any improvements along the boundary affecting the use of or title to the property are located, such as: fences, drives, utilities, buildings, sheds, streets, etc. Missing corner markers are replaced. A map showing the boundaries is prepared.
 
Location Survey: A boundary survey with additional location of all the interior improvements. Missing corner markers are replaced. A map showing the boundaries and improvements is prepared. This type of survey is required for the acquisition of a loan.
 
Topographic Survey: A survey locating all improvements and topographical features such as: elevations of the land, embankments, contours, trees, water courses, roads, ditches, utilities, etc. This survey can be used in conjunction with a Location Survey in order to prepare a Site Design Map, a Subdivision Map, or an Erosion Control Map.
 
Site Planning Survey: This survey uses a boundary and topographic survey a a base to design future improvements. It can be a design for a house, a residential subdivision, a store, a shopping center, a new street or highway, a playground, or anything else.
 
Subdivision Survey: This often includes a topographic survey of a parcel of land which will be deviled into two or more smaller tracts, lots or estate division. This can also be used for site design of lots, streets, and drainage. It is for construction and recording.
 
Construction Survey: Using surveying techniques to stake out buildings, roads, walls, utilities, etc. This includes: horizontal and vertical grading, slope staking and final as-built surveys.
 
Geographic Positioning System: GPS surveys are portable receiving antennas to gather data transmitted from satellites which are used to calculate the position of the object being located on the surface of the earth. The receiving antennas can be miles apart and still obtain very accurate data. This is being used to establish coordinate control points for State Plan Coordinate Systems, large boundary surveys, and subdivision surveys. It can also be used to collect data for Geographic Information Systems / Land Information Systems (GIS/LIS), such as the location of streets; homes; businesses; electric, phone & gas utilities; water & sewer systems; property lines' soil & vegetation types; water courses; etc. This data can be used in future planning, preservation and development.
 
ALTA / ACSM Survey: This survey is a very detailed survey often required by lending institutions. The request for this survey must be in writing and be accompanied by all deeds and easements affecting the subject property, as well as the deeds to adjoining properties. a list of items to be located  as noted in the ALTA/ACSM publication can also be included.
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